The following section outlines key results for SAfAIDS core programmes during the past year, against our core indicators.

 

161,831 Young People Reached with HIV Prevention and SRHR Information

SAfAIDS reached 201,777 young people aged 10-24 years during the past year, against an overall target of 160,000. Of these 122,534 young people (55,313 males; 67,221 females) compared to 63,462 young people reached during the year ended 30 June 2015 - were reached through one on one and/or small group sessions (radio listening clubs, community dialogues, and one on one speak out dialogues). While 79,243 young people (38,536 males and 40,707 females), were reached through high volume events such as music bashes and sports events. Among those reached through one on one or small group interventions 31,859 were aged 10-14 years, 47,788 were aged 15-19 years, and 42,887 were aged 20-24 years. In addition, aapproximately 4 million young people were reached through radio in South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

 

Increased Access to HIV and SRH Services by Young People

 

As shown in the Figure above, among the 122,534 young people reached through one on one sessions, 28,922 (12,900 males and 16,022 females) were referred for services such as HIV testing, family planning, post GBV care, cancer screening, STI screening/treatment, Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) among others. 14,312 of the young people referred (49,4%) reported access to services. Among the 14,312 young people who accessed services after referral, 14% were among the 10 – 14 years, (49%) among the 15-19 years, (37%) among the 20 – 24 years. In addition, 3,654 (1,791 males and 1,863 females) accessed services especially HIV testing during high volume

 

Young People Exposed to SAfAIDS Activities Demonstrate More Knowledge on HIV and SRHR

In the past year SAfAIDS conducted the second round sentinel site data collection in Zimbabwe and South Africa. This is a regular exercise conducted to monitor immediate outcome level indicators. In this assessment, data was collected from both individuals who participated in SAfAIDS activities (60%) and those who were never participated in SAfAIDS activities (40%).

Figure 1 shows that in both countries, individuals who participated in SAfAIDS activities such as radio listening clubs, music bashes, and one on one speak out dialogues demonstrated comprehensive knowledge on HIV prevention compared to their counterparts who never participated in SAfAIDS activities.

Figure 1: Percentage of Young People with Comprehensive Knowledge on HIV Prevention

Above 63% of young people who participated in SAfAIDS activities in South Africa were able to identify at-least 3 correct HIV prevention methods compared to 5.3% of their counterparts who never participated in SAfAIDS activities. A similar trend was observed in Zimbabwe where 77.4%, Zambia 43% and Swaziland 40% of young people who participated in SAfAIDS activities were able to identify at-least 3 correct HIV prevention methods compared to 54.6% of their counterparts who never participated in SAfAIDS activities. With a p-value of 0.0000, it can be concluded that young people who participated in SAfAIDS activities have more knowledge on HIV prevention than their counterparts who never participated.

Knowledge on HIV transmission was also higher among young people who participated in SAfAIDS activities. In South Africa, 75.7% of those who participated in SAfAIDS activities were able to identify at-least three correct HIV transmission methods compared to only 16% among those who never participated. In Zimbabwe, above 72% of young people who participated were able to identify at-least three correct HIV transmission methods while 51.9% of their counterparts who never participated were able to identify at-least three correct HIV transmission methods. Again p-value was 0.0000 implying a statistical significance between knowledge on HIV transmission and participation in SAfAIDS activities.

 

Figure 2: Percentage of Young People with Comprehensive Knowledge on HIV Transmission

 

Figure 3: Percentage of Young People with Comprehensive Knowledge on SRHR

Figure 3 shows knowledge levels on SRHR among young people who participated in SAfAIDS activities in comparison to young people who never participated. Above 49% of young people in South Africa, 66% in Zambia, 42% in Swaziland and 35.8% in Zimbabwe who participated in SAfAIDS activities were able to identify at-least three correct sexual reproductive rights compared to South Africa (2.6%), Zambia (39%), Swaziland (2%) and Zimbabwe (26.4%) of the young people who never participated.

 

Improved uptake of HIV Testing Among Young People Exposed to SAfAIDS Activities

The majority of young people interviewed (South Africa – 79% and Zimbabwe – 68%) who had participated in SAfAIDS activities reported that they were tested for HIV in the past 12 months compared to South Africa (39.5%) and Zimbabwe (53.8%) of their counterparts who never participated in SAfAIDS activities. The majority of respondents among those who participated in SAfAIDS activities indicated they were motivated by the information they received from SAfAIDS activities.

 

Figure 4: Percentage of Young People Self reporting Access to HIV Testing

 

 

71,944 women and men aged ≥ 25 Years Reached with HIV Prevention and/or SRHR Information

Through the implementation of SCORE, EAAA, FreshCom, Fit for Future and An Integrated Response to HIV & GBV Prevention through Community Resilience Building in Zimbabwe (Irish Aid Zimbabwe) programmes, SAfAIDS reached 71,944 adults (40,069 women and 31,875 men) with information on HIV prevention, GBV prevention and/or reproductive health. This reach was against a target of 46,680 for the year. For women reached, 37% were reached in Zimbabwe, Zambia (11%), Lesotho (9%), Malawi (22%), and Swaziland (21%). The majority of these women (76%) were reached in farming communities, followed by (14%) in the apostolic sect, (8%) from other community types, and (2%) in mining communities. The majority of these men were reached in Malawi (32%), Zimbabwe (29%), Lesotho (19%), Swaziland (15%) and Zambia (5%).

Among the total 71,944 adults reached with SRH, HIV and GBV information, 16,423 (7,488 males and 8,935 females) were referred for services and 8,703 (3,841 males and 4,862 females) reported access to services; and 53% of adults referred reported accessing either HIV, SRH or GBV services from health facilities nearest to them.

 

Figure 5: Number of Adults Reached, Referred and Accessed Services

 

Increased Knowledge on HIV Prevention and Transmission Among Adults Exposed to SAfAIDS Activities

 

Figure 6: Percentage of Adults with Comprehensive Knowledge on HIV Prevention and Transmission

Of all adults exposed to 73%% of the adults who were exposed to SAfAIDS activities in Zimbabwe and 33% in Zambia were able to identify 3 or more correct methods on HIV prevention compared to 64% among their counterparts who never participated. The figure above also shows that 63.7% for Zimbabwe & 60% for Zambia of the adults who were exposed to SAfAIDS activities were able to identifiy atleast 3 correct HIV transmission methods compared to 54.5% of their counterparts who were never exposed to SAfAIDS activities.

 

Figure 7: Percentage of Adults with Comprehensive Knowledge on SRHR

As shown in Figure 7 (above), adults who were exposed to SAfAIDS activities showed increased knowledge with 65% (Zimbabwe) and 67% (Zambia) of them able to mention more than 2 SRH Rights. This however was complimented with the focus group discussion with adult women that their knowledge on SRHR is increasing by day compared to what they were before the interventions.

 

53 Leaders and 21 Journalists Reached with Information to Support Access to services by Key Populations

SAfAIDS conducted 2 Regional Advocacy Meetings to reach stakeholders with information on the rights of key populations (sex workers and prisoners). Beyond regional level advocacy meetings, SWAGs in both South Africa (Brits) and Zimbabwe (Ngundu) have also reached community level stakeholders to sensitize them about their rights especially the rights to be respected and access services. Key stakeholders met include the police, Ministry of Health officials, religious and traditional leaders, brothel owners, and political leaders.

Sex Workers Reached with Information on HIV Prevention

As shown in the graph above, SAfAIDS reached 513 sex workers (South Africa – 390; Zimbabwe – 123) with information on HIV prevention. These were reached through both small group sessions and high volume events. During these events services were provided resulting in 198 sex workers tested for HIV and the same individuals being screen for TB. A total of 100 out of the 198 sex workers tested for HIV, tested positive (50% positivity)