Mozambique UNGASS Country Report - December 2007
The goal of the national HIV response in Mozambique is to reduce HIV infection. As the highest rates of new infections occur in young adults, the country has committed to achieving major reductions in HIV revalence among young people.
At older ages, changes in HIV prevalence are slow to reflect changes in the rate of new infections (HIV incidence) because the average duration of infection is long. Furthermore, declines in HIV prevalence can reflect saturation of infection among those individuals who are most vulnerable and rising mortality rather than behaviour change. At young ages, trends in HIV prevalence are a better indication of recent trends in HIV incidence and risk behaviour. Thus, reductions in HIV incidence associated with genuine behaviour change should first become detectable in HIV prevalence figures for 15–19-year-olds (Source: UNGASS Guidelines, 2007)
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