Materiais SAfAIDS Portugueses
HIV Profile for Zambia
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Zambia is one of the Sub Saharan African countries worst affected by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Estimates put the prevalence rate at about 16 percent among the 15-49 years age group and about 1 million Zambians infected with HIV, of which over 200,000 are in need of antiretroviral therapy.
With over one million people living with HIV/AIDS and 20% of these eligible for ART, expanding access to treatment is one of the most pressing challenges in Zambia. Provision of treatment is essential to alleviate suffering and to mitigate the devastating impact of the epidemic. It also presents unprecedented opportunities for a more effective response by involving people living with HIV/AIDS, their families and communities in providing care and strengthening of HIV prevention through increased awareness. Increased awareness creates a demand for counselling and testing and reducing stigma and discrimination.
There is no aspect of life that has not directly or indirectly been negatively influenced by the AIDS epidemic. AIDS has become the major cause of illness and death among the young and middle aged adults, depriving households and society of a critical human resource base and thereby reversing the social and economic gains made since independence.
HIV has impacted on all types and sizes of enterprises: the public, private and informal sectors; small, medium and large enterprises; donor agencies; non-governmental and Government bodies. No workplace is untouched. The epidemic causes increased absenteeism, higher rates of staff turnover, increased operational costs (funeral benefits, health care costs, etc.); all of which result in a decline in productivity. For the private sector, HIV has a direct impact on profitability and ultimately affects the wider economic climate in which companies operate.
All sectors of our society need to play a part in the fight against this epidemic. On its part, the Ministry of Education has developed this 4 year Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS and Education Programme to guide the Ministry's strategic response to the problem. The plan seeks fullest commitment and support for HIV/AIDS activities in the education sector so that activities and interventions that are planned will achieve the ultimate result that we all so deeply desire - a Zambian society free from HIV/AIDS and all its associated misery and hardship.
Zambia last reported to the UNGASS on HIV and AIDS in 2005. Since the last reporting period, the country has made progress in a number of areas towards implementing the Political Declaration of Commitments on HIV and AIDS which the Zambian Government together with 189 other member states endorsed and adopted in June 2001. Recognising the need for multisectoral action on a range of fronts, the Declaration of Commitments on HIV and AIDS addresses global, regional and country-level responses to prevent new HIV infections, expand health care access and mitigate the
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