The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region is the worst affected by HIV and AIDS in the world. The combined population of the SADC states amounts to only 3.5 per cent of the world's population, but accounts for more than 37 per cent of people living with HIV and AIDS HIV transmission in the region is predominantly heterosexual (92%). Consequently, the most affected are the sexually active adults in the 20 to 49-year age group, the so-called producers and providers. Vertical transmission from mother to child accounts for 7 per cent of total infections and childhood HIV infection is now the underlying factor in the majority of childhood illnesses in the highly affected Member States. in the world.
This is the Maseru Declaration on HIV and AIDS as declared by SADC member states
National and Sector HIV and AIDS Policies in the Member States of the Southern Africa Development Community
This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report. The national consultants who assisted in this work are: