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HIV/AIDS in Namibia: Behavioral and Contextual Factors Driving the Epidemic

HIV/AIDS in Namibia: Behavioral and Contextual Factors Driving the Epidemic, Ministry of Health and Social Services, USAID-Namibia & MEASURE EVALUATION, May 2009
The purpose of this study was to identify the main behavioral and contextual factors that are currently driving the HIV epidemic in Namibia. This report is intended to assist in the development of a national prevention strategy for combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic. A second report, to be read in conjunction with this one, presents an assessment of the nature and distribution of current prevention efforts. Together, these two reports are intended to highlight vulnerable groups, priority areas for intervention, and gaps in current services. Both reports were prepared for the Government of Namibia and its collaborating partners in anticipation of a strategy development meeting planned for November of 2008.

Namibia Country Report

The most recent ANC HIV surveillance found 19.9% of women attending ANC were HIV infected (MoHSS, 2007d). There was a rapid increase in ANC HIV prevalence from 4.2% in 1992 to 22% in 2002. The apparent decrease since 2002 represents the first decrease since the start of ANC surveillance (see Figure 2.1). However, it should be noted that HIV prevalence is still on the increase in some regions and in some age groups, meaning continued high levels of prevention, care and support services are needed.

Best Practice Documentation of ‘Changing the River’s Flow’ Programmes in Namibia 2011

AIDS Care Trust (ACT), one of the two organisations whose programme is described in this report, implemented programmes in the Khomas and Omusati regions in Tobias Hainyeko, Moses Garoeb, Windhoek Rural and Okahao constituencies. A second organisation, the Namibia Women’s Health Network (NWHN) implemented its programme in Khomas region, specifically in Katutura and in the rural town of Dordabis.

Namibia National Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy, Second Edition, April 2007

Namibia National Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy, Second Edition, April 2007, Ministry of Health and Social Services, Directorate of Special Programmes


developmental partners and the recently updated WHO guidelines on HIV care in resource limited settings. The Ministry will continue to revise, update and formulate other editions ofThis Second Edition of the National Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy has been released so that HIV care in Namibia can keep up with new treatment options and improved monitoring systems. These revised guidelines are based on new scientific evidence from international reports and studies. They are the result of collaborative efforts among our local HIV specialists and other medical experts that make up the Ministry of Health and Social Services’ Technical Advisory Committee on ARVs. Additional support has come from our these guidelines as more information becomes available. The Ministry acknowledges the support that has been received from our development partners and contributed to our success.

HIV and AIDS & Treatment Literacy: Namibia Survey 2008: Main Report - July 2009

HIV and AIDS & Treatment Literacy: Namibia Survey 2008: Main Report, July 2009, FHI et al.


The aim of the HIV and AIDS and Treatment Literacy (HTLS) Survey 2008 was to gather information from health care workers (HCW's), people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), and children of HIV positive HIV and AIDS support group members, on HIV and AIDS-related issues for the purpose of project planning. The PLWHA sample included HIV-positive members f the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. Quantitative data was athered on a range of issues including diagnosis and provision of treatment, access to and means of conveying information on ART, adherence to treatment, discrimination by HCWs, disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners, condom use, PLWHA having children, the concept of “Positive Living”, and social support for HIV positive individuals. Quantitative survey work was carried out during October/November 2008. Five focus group discussions with children of HIV positive HIV and AIDS support group members were held during October 2008. A key objective was to learn more about children whose parents are HIV positive, and who may also be infected themselves such as their level of awareness concerning their own and/or their parents’ status, as well as their own priorities and concerns.


This study was commissioned and supported by Family Health International/FABRIC , NawaLife Trust, Positive Vibes, the Social Marketing Association, and The Rainbow Project in Namibia.

Namibia NGO Forum (NANGOF)

NANGOF is an umbrella network of NGOs in Namibia, which through the combined resources base of its membership works towards the creation and sustenance of an enabling environment for NGOs, with an emphasis on democracy, poverty eradication and human rights promotion.
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