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Lesotho National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan 2006 - 2011

The HIV and AIDS epidemic in Lesotho is of a mature pattern, with a high case-fatality ratio, large numbers of orphans and vulnerable children, increasing mother-to-child transmission, decreasing life expectancy, declining productivity, affecting the national economy and very high demands on the health care system. The prevalence of HIV in Lesotho is estimated at 23.2% of adult Basotho aged 15 to 49 years by 2005, translating to approximately 266, 000 adult men and women living with HIV infection. The prevalence is particularly high in urban areas at levels of 28.8% compared to 21.8% in the rural areas with a considerable variation in prevalence rates by district. The HIV prevalence is highest among the 15 to 49 years age-bracket and skewed towards women with 55% of diagnosed cases of HIV, and more among young women than young men of similar age with a ratio percentage of more than 60% to less than about 30% for young males.

Lesotho National HIV and AIDS Policy

Lesotho has one of the highest HIV and AIDS infection and prevalence rates in the world. HIV and AIDS poses one of the greatest challenges for national development, and threatens the very survival of the nation and its attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This realisation caused His Majesty King Letsie III to declare HIV and AIDS a national disaster in the year 2000. The declaration was followed by the adoption of the first National Policy framework for the prevention of HIV and AIDS, as well as a National Strategic Plan for 2000/01-2003/04 in the same year. Based on the Joint Review of the national response and current developments, Government adopted this updated National HIV and AIDS Policy document.

Lesotho UNGASS Country Report - December 2007

Lesotho has the third highest adult HIV prevalence in the world at 23.2%. There are an estimated 62 new HIV infections and about 50 deaths due to AIDS each day, as shown in Figure 1. There are an estimated 270,273 people living with HIV in Lesotho as of end 2007. Of these, there are 11,801 infected children and 258,472 infected adults. Females continue to be more infected with an estimated 153,581 infected compared to 116,692 males. There has been no significant change in the national adult HIV prevalence since 2005. The entinel surveillance conducted in 2007 showed that there is no major difference in HIV prevalence among women attending ANC clinics.

Lesotho Country Consultative Meeting

In August 2006, SAfAIDS, as part of the United States Government's HIV/AIDS Program in Lesotho, embarked on a one-year program entitled "Regional Intervention: Strengthening Capacities of Communities in Prevention, Care, Support and Treatment of HIV/AIDS- Complementing National Efforts".

National ART Literacy Training of Trainers’ Workshop - Lesotho

To increase capacity of community based organisations in promoting and supporting Community Preparedness for Antiretroviral (ART) treatment efforts within Lesotho, through skills building activities, by end of program, through this workshop that sought to:

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