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Please find in this section UNGASS related information

Swaziland UNGASS Country Report

The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women rose from 3.9% in 1992 to 42.9% in 2004 (Sentinel Surveillance Report 2004). However, the 10th sentinel surveillance in 2006 showed a slight drop to 39.2%.  HIV prevalence in the 15-24 age group remained steady at 39.4% between 2002 and 2004 and showed a decline to 34.6% in 2006. A consistent decline in the 15-19 year age group (from 32.5% to 26%) was recorded between 2002 and 2006.

South Africa UNGASS Country Report

There is a particularly encouraging trend, a decline from 16% in 2004 to 13.5% in 2006 (Figure 2), among women younger than 20 years of age as well as a decline in prevalence in those between 20 and 24 years of age (from 30.6% in 2005 to 28.0% in 2006). This could be the beginning of the long-awaited downward trend of prevalence among pregnant youth in South Africa. At  least two more survey rounds with the same 2006 expanded sampling methodology will be necessary to draw a conclusion on the downward HIV trend among pregnant women. 

Namibia Country Report

The most recent ANC HIV surveillance found 19.9% of women attending ANC were HIV infected (MoHSS, 2007d). There was a rapid increase in ANC HIV prevalence from 4.2% in 1992 to 22% in 2002. The apparent decrease since 2002 represents the first decrease since the start of ANC surveillance (see Figure 2.1). However, it should be noted that HIV prevalence is still on the increase in some regions and in some age groups, meaning continued high levels of prevention, care and support services are needed.

Malawi UNGASS Country Report

While surveys continue showing that HIV and AIDS knowledge is almost universal, comprehensive knowledge is still low. Disparities still exist in terms of access to the media with more men and urban people being more exposed to HIV and AIDS information compared to women and rural residents, respectively. Despite these problems, over the period 2005-2006 there has been an increase in the number of IEC materials disseminated to end users and the number of radio and TV programmes. There is, however, lack of comprehensive data collection for some indicators such as number of peer educators trained and re-trained and number of sensitization meetings conducted among other media activities.

Zambia UNGASS Country Report 2008

Zambia last reported to the UNGASS on HIV and AIDS in 2005. Since the last reporting period, the country has made progress in a number of areas towards implementing the Political Declaration of Commitments on HIV and AIDS which the Zambian Government together with 189 other member states endorsed and adopted in June 2001. Recognising the need for multisectoral action on a range of fronts, the Declaration of Commitments on HIV and AIDS addresses global, regional and country-level responses to prevent new HIV infections, expand health care access and mitigate the
epidemic’s impact.

Politics and Policy | Archbishop Tutu, AIDS Advocates Call on Senate To Pass PEPFAR Reauthorization Legislation

June 19, 2008.       South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu joined other HIV/AIDS advocates Wednesday on a conference call organized by the Global AIDS Alliance and called on the Senate to vote on measures (HR 5501, S 2731) that would reauthorize the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, Reuters reports. According to Reuters, seven Republican senators, led by Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), are blocking a vote on the measures (Reuters, 6/18).

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