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The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women rose from 3.9% in 1992 to 42.9% in 2004 (Sentinel Surveillance Report 2004). However, the 10th sentinel surveillance in 2006 showed a slight drop to 39.2%. HIV prevalence in the 15-24 age group remained steady at 39.4% between 2002 and 2004 and showed a decline to 34.6% in 2006. A consistent decline in the 15-19 year age group (from 32.5% to 26%) was recorded between 2002 and 2006.
There is a particularly encouraging trend, a decline from 16% in 2004 to 13.5% in 2006 (Figure 2), among women younger than 20 years of age as well as a decline in prevalence in those between 20 and 24 years of age (from 30.6% in 2005 to 28.0% in 2006). This could be the beginning of the long-awaited downward trend of prevalence among pregnant youth in South Africa. At least two more survey rounds with the same 2006 expanded sampling methodology will be necessary to draw a conclusion on the downward HIV trend among pregnant women.
Politics and Policy | Archbishop Tutu, AIDS Advocates Call on Senate To Pass PEPFAR Reauthorization Legislation
June 19, 2008. South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu joined other HIV/AIDS advocates Wednesday on a conference call organized by the Global AIDS Alliance and called on the Senate to vote on measures (HR 5501, S 2731) that would reauthorize the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, Reuters reports. According to Reuters, seven Republican senators, led by Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), are blocking a vote on the measures (Reuters, 6/18).