According to the United Nations Population Division, Malawi's population in 1999 was 10,640,000. Adults, aged 15 to 49, the group most likely to engage in high-risk behavior for HIV infection, represented approximately 44 percent of the total population. The HIV prevalence rate among this group was estimated by UNAIDS to be 15.96 percent. By the end of 1999, 800,000 adults and children were living with HIV and AIDS in Malawi and more than 390,000 children had been orphaned due to AIDS.
In response to the epidemic, Malawi developed and implemented the National Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS, 2000-2004. According to our overview of this plan, Malawi has developed strategies and programs in 17 different areas to address the epidemic. Some examples of those activities are programs that focus on illiteracy, human rights, substance abuse, children, orphans, and mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Special programs have been developed to target youth, media, and widow and widowers.
National and Sector HIV and AIDS Policies in the Member States of the Southern Africa Development Community
This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report. The national consultants who assisted in this work are: