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HIV Profiles

Malawi National Strategic Framework 2000 - 2004

According to the United Nations Population Division, Malawi's population in 1999 was 10,640,000. Adults, aged 15 to 49, the group most likely to engage in high-risk behavior for HIV infection, represented approximately 44 percent of the total population. The HIV prevalence rate among this group was estimated by UNAIDS to be 15.96 percent. By the end of 1999, 800,000 adults and children were living with HIV and AIDS in Malawi and more than 390,000 children had been orphaned due to AIDS.


In response to the epidemic, Malawi developed and implemented the National Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS, 2000-2004. According to our overview of this plan, Malawi has developed strategies and programs in 17 different areas to address the epidemic. Some examples of those activities are programs that focus on illiteracy, human rights, substance abuse, children, orphans, and mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Special programs have been developed to target youth, media, and widow and widowers.

National and Sector HIV and AIDS Policies in the Member States of the Southern Africa Development Community

This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work  plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report. The national consultants who assisted in this work are:

National HIV and AIDS Strategic Framework - Zambia

Zambia is one of the Sub Saharan African countries worst affected by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Estimates put the prevalence rate at about 16 percent among the 15-49 years age group and about 1 million Zambians infected with HIV, of which over 200,000 are in need of antiretroviral therapy.

Scale Up Plan for HIV Care and Antiretroviral Therapy Services - Zambia

With over one million people living with HIV/AIDS and 20% of these eligible for ART, expanding access to treatment is one of the most pressing challenges in Zambia. Provision of treatment is essential to alleviate suffering and to mitigate the devastating impact of the epidemic. It also presents unprecedented opportunities for a more effective response by involving people living with HIV/AIDS, their families and communities in providing care and strengthening of HIV prevention through increased awareness. Increased awareness creates a demand for counselling and testing and reducing stigma and discrimination.

National HIV and AIDS, STI, TB Policy

There is no aspect of life that has not directly or indirectly been negatively influenced by the AIDS epidemic. AIDS has become the major cause of illness and death among the young and middle aged adults, depriving households and society of a critical human resource base and thereby reversing the social and economic gains made since independence.

Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan 2006 - 2010

It is now two decades since the first AIDS case was reported in Zimbabwe. Southern Africa remains the epicentre of the global HIV epidemic. I am heartened by the fact that Zimbabwe isthe first in our region to have recorded a decline in HIV prevalence from 26.0% to 18.1% during the past 5 years. My government, through the National AIDS Council with the support of local and international organizations, hasmanaged to sustain efforts to fight andmitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS.Our decentralized NAC structures provide a foundation uponwhich as a country we can build. Letme however reiterate that at 18.1%, our HIV prevalence is still unacceptably very high and therefore we need to redouble our efforts to reduce it further to single digits by the turn of the decade.
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