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HIV Profiles

National Policy on HIV and AIDS for the Education Sector, Namibia

HIV/AIDS is a continuing, critical public health issue. It is now the leading cause of death in Namibia, Africa and the fourth common cause of death worldwide. The HIV/AIDS crisis continues to expand in numbers and extent, without immediate medical solutions in view. HIV/AIDS is not only a health issue, it has socio-economic implications too. Namibia's development depends, to a large extent, on the development of its human capital. Interventions in education should provide the knowledge, and encourage the development of attitudes and skills, with which the spread and impact of the epidemic could be alleviated.

Mozambique National Strategic Plan Part II 2005 - 2009

The situation analysis above calls for vigorous measures in order to attain the indicators depicted therein. It is within that perspective that the objectives outlined below have been formulated. All the objectives are formulated with a 5-year timeline from the date of commencement of implementation of the Plan. However, the evolution of the most important objectives spans a period of 10 years. In many cases, the goals to be achieved by the end of the first or of the third year of implementation of the Plan are also outlined.

Mozambique National Strategic Plan Part I - 2004

The first AIDS case in Mozambique was diagnosed in 1986. It was a foreign citizen who was already infected when he entered the Country.


Already in 1985, a World Health Organisation (WHO) Expert Committee meeting in Bangui, had made a definition of a clinical case of AIDS in Africa. From then on, WHO recommended that member countries set up National AIDS Committees. It is within this framework that, in August of 1986, the first body to spearhead the fight against AIDS was established in Mozambique, called National AIDS Commission (CNCS). This Commission was headquartered at the National Health Institute (INS).

SADC HIV and AIDS Strategic Business Plan 2005-2007

The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region is the worst affected by HIV and AIDS in the world. The combined population of the SADC states amounts to only 3.5 per cent of the world's population, but accounts for more than 37 per cent of people living with HIV and AIDS HIV transmission in the region is predominantly heterosexual (92%). Consequently, the most affected are the sexually active adults in the 20 to 49-year age group, the so-called producers and providers. Vertical transmission from mother to child accounts for 7 per cent of total infections and childhood HIV infection is now the underlying factor in the majority of childhood illnesses in the highly affected Member States. in the world.

Mozambique Strategic Plan for the Combat Against HIV/AIDS: Operationalisation 2005 - 2009

The "Objectives and Strategies" chapter establishes the areas of focus deemed relevant in the combat against HIV/AIDS and the course that the fight will take in each one of these areas. The chapter also provides practical guidelines for the provision of support to initiatives and programmes of action to be undertaken at the level of the community, the workplace, associations, the civil society organisations, among others.

The aim is to ensure as broad a participation in HIV/AIDS combat activities as possible because it is only through concerted effort of all population segments that we will be able to contain the rapid progression of the disease and significantly reduce the rates of incidence.

Malawi HIV/AIDS Action Framework 2005 - 2009

The National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework expired at the end of October 2004, necessitating the development of a new National HIV/AIDS Action Framework to guide the national response. This National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (NAF) 2005 - 2009 is a culmination of the End of Term Review of the National Strategic Framework (NSF). While the review acknowledged the achievements during the past five years, it also recognised the challenges and the gaps in the response. These gaps exist in service coverage for HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support.


The biggest challenge is to translate universal awareness of HIV/AIDS into behaviour change. Despite awareness of the modes of HIV transmission, during the past five years prevalence rates have stabilised but remained high. Moreover, mitigation interventions have largely remained undeveloped, and treatment is an emerging, critical issue that needs to be addressed.

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