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National HIV Prevention Strategy For A Multi-Sectoral Response to the HIV Epidemic in Lesotho (2011/12-2015/16)

The National Multi-Sectoral HIV Prevention Strategy, 2011 – 2015, describes how the national HIV prevention response will reduce levels of HIV incidence by directly addressing the drivers of Lesotho’s epidemic. The 2009 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey (LDHS) data indicate a rapid rise in HIV prevalence among young people, particularly young women. The total number of HIV-infected females aged 15-49 is 27%, but significantly lower at 18% for men the same age. By age 20-24, approximately 24% of women are infected; prevalence increases to 35% for the age cohort 25-29 and peaks at 42% for women throughout their thirties. Male prevalence lags behind female prevalence by about five years, but similarly reaches about 40% among men aged 30-45. With such high average levels of prevalence nationally, the pool of at-risk individuals is likely at or near saturation among adult men and women aged 25-44.

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